The Greatest Buddhist Monument in the World
|UNESCO On the Top of Borobudur, Central Java|
Sizing, beauty and story of Borobudur are really amazing. Today Indonesia is the largest Islamic country in the world; however this monument is the magnet drawing people around the world to Central Java enormously.
Borobudur in Brief
This UNESCO WHS was built since 9th Century during the Sailendra dynasty in Central Java. We don’t know who the builder is.
The temple was designed in Javanese Buddhist architecture. It is the Mahayana Buddhist Temple which consists of 3 divisions by nine stacked platforms, six squares and three circulars, topped by a central dome. The temple is decorated with relief panels and Buddha statues. The central dome is surrounded by Buddha statues, each seated inside a stupa.
The monument's 3 divisions symbolize the 3 "realms" of Buddhist cosmology, as the world of desires, the world of forms, and finally the formless world. Central dome on the top is represented as the enlightened stage (Nirvana), liberated from all forms of cycle of life.
Borobudur was abandoned following the 14th-century decline of Hindu kingdoms in Java and the Javanese conversion to Islam. In 1814, it was rediscovered by Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, the British Ruler. Borobudur has since been preserved through several restorations.
|UNESCO Borobudur in the Morning, Central Java|
|Bas-Reliefs and Decorative Stones, Borobudur|
I booked “Borobudur Sun Rise Tour” from Tour Desk at my hostel in Yogyakarta. This is the right decision. We can avoid hot sun in daytime and enjoy the monument among a few tourists and fresh air in the morning.
The park is large and we have to walk from the entrance, pass the green ground to the monument. Borobudur located on the plain with the backdrop of volcanic mountain range, providing fantastic view and sacred feeling.
Borobudur is older and smaller than Angkor Wat in Cambodia, its size is suitable for 2-hrs exploring. The crafted reliefs on the panels are well depicted; the floor planning is good design. I felt less exhausted than I expected, due to the platforms are not too steep. Javanese Buddhist architecture is simple but gorgeous, volcanic stones giving the sleek mood and strong.
View on the top of Borobudur is awesome; I practiced meditation. This is one of the greatest moments in my life. Hopefully, next time here, I would do clockwise walking meditation starting from the first step and proceed until reaching the top platform.